KIEV- THE RISE OF HITLER…
May 2 events in Ukraine’s Odessa blatant manifestation of fascism — Lavrov
May 06, 18:50 UTC+4
Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov says that while condemning the tragedy in Odessa, the West turns a blind eye to its true reasons
Fire in the the House of Trade Unions in Odessa in May 2
Fire in the the House of Trade Unions in Odessa in May 2
© EPA/SERGEY GUMENYUK
On Sunday, May 4, more than a thousand people in Odessa blocked the office of the Interior Ministry’s city department demanding to release federalization supporters that had been detained May 2. Capture: release of part of the detained protesters
Odessa: Fate of federalization supporters
VIENNA, May 06. /ITAR-TASS/. The May 2 events in the Ukrainian Black Sea port city of Odessa are a blatant manifestation of fascism, but no culprits of this crime were arrested, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in his speech at a meeting of the Committee of Ministers of the European Council on Tuesday.
“On May 2, defenseless people, including women, were burnt alive in the House of Trade Unions in the city of Odessa. The fire was opened at those who tried to survive by jumping out from the windows. They were scoffing at corpses. They were glad about the number of victims. They did not conceal that they mark victory over Russians. We witnessed a blatant manifestation of fascism,” Lavrov said.
While condemning the tragedy in Odessa, the West tries to turn a blind eye to its true reasons, Lavrov said.“Though the West denounces the Odessa tragedy, they (Western countries) turn a blind eye to its true reasons, as the policy of former President Viktor Yushchenko and his associates to legalize “the heritage” of Bandera and Shukhevich, their atrocities and outrages under the disguise of some “new Ukrainian patriotism” was hushed up and even justified,” the foreign minister noted.
Prospects for talks between Kiev authorities and south-eastern leaders
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov
No progress in Ukraine possible without participation of south-east — Lavrov
Russia hopes that those countries which blocked an opportunity for direct talks between current Kiev authorities and south-eastern Ukraine under the aegis of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) will change their position, Lavrov said.
“Several days ago we discussed an opportunity for direct dialogue between the current Kiev authorities, country’s regions that support them and political leaders in south-eastern Ukraine,” the minister noted. “Then some quite influential countries have blocked this initiative. We hope that they will change their position. It is needed to determine Ukraine’s fate openly and honestly with full-fledged participation of all opponents of Kiev authorities,” Lavrov said.
Attempts to build unipolar world
The world once again is witnessing attempts to build a unipolar world, where all European states act at one order, Lavrov stated.
“Bloc-against-bloc mentality is bursting into Europe and we are witnessing attempts to impose the Cold War stereotypes,” he said. “Once again, we are witnessing attempts to build a unipolar world, where all European states act at one order. Such model of the world order is in diametrical opposition to the principles our organization advocates,” Lavrov stressed.
Instead of building a united Europe, attempts are being made to stimulate illegal actions aimed at toppling unwanted regimes and exporting “color revolutions,” Lavrov said, adding that in Ukraine such a revolution was tinted with brown.
“In opposition to the ideas of building a really united Europe, based on principles of respect to and due account of the interests of security of all states, of protection of legal rights of all peoples and each citizen of our continent, illegal actions are being stimulated to topple unwanted regimes and export ‘color revolutions’,” he said. “And as concerns Ukraine, this so-called “revolution” is manifestly tinted with brown,” the minister noted.
Not only Russians fear for safety in Ukraine
Not only Russians, but also ethnic Czechs, Hungarians and other ethnic minorities in Ukraine are concerned about their rights and security, Lavrov said.
“To understand the hateful nature of actions of those who glorified and continue to glorify “true patriots”, whose banners are being carried in western and central Ukraine, it is enough to print “division Galicia” in any Internet search engine,” the minister said.
“It is not accidental that not only Russians, but also ethnic Czechs, Hungarians and other ethnic minorities in Ukraine have deep fears for their rights and security,” Lavrov added.
The Ukrainian Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) will not hold a national referendum on federalization on May 25, after only 154 deputies voted for it, short of the required 226 majority required. Speaking to RBK-Ukraine, presidential administration representative Andrey Senchenko cited the military operation in eastern Ukraine and the “safety of members of electoral commissions” as one of the reasons behind the decision.
“We cannot guarantee that there will be impartial results under guns,” Senchenko said, adding that in such a situation it would be easy to manipulate the results of the referendum.
Tanks, armored vehicles roll out on Red Square in Victory Day Parade rehearsal
Published on May 5, 2014 RT
The Russian army held one of the last rehearsals on Monday ahead of the annual parade to mark victory over Germany in World War II. Hundreds of spectators were invited to watch soldiers, armored vehicles and tanks parading through Moscow’s Red Square.
Russia not ready to give up nuclear weapons at present stage, diplomat says
May 06, 9:35 UTC+4
“Now the situation is unfavourable, if for no other reason than missile defence. So, conditions are far from being favourable for arrangements on new moves,” the diplomat says
Syria chemical weapons destruction may start before all are moved out
UNITED NATIONS, May 6./ITAR-TASS/. Russia is not ready to give up nuclear weapons as at the present stage it is a legitimate means of deterrence and protection of the national interests, the director of the Russian Foreign Ministry’s department for security and disarmament, Mikhail Ulyanov, told ITAR-TASS on Monday.
Ulyanov leads the Russian delegation to a third session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
The diplomat said representatives of many non-nuclear states had voiced disapproval of the pace of nuclear disarmament. Some of them are rather radically minded, suggesting “a ban on nuclear weapons as it happened with chemical and biological weapons”.
“But we are not ready for that, and proceed from the fact that nuclear weapons are a legitimate means of deterrence and protection of the national interests at the present stage,” he said. The diplomat believes disarmament must proceed stage-by-stage “in conditions of strategic stability, with due regard for all factors influencing international security and national security of Russia”.
Differences over Ukraine have not affected Russia-US disarmament cooperation
“Now the situation is unfavourable, if for no other reason than missile defence. So, conditions are far from being favourable for arrangements on new moves,” he said.
Ulyanov reminded the interlocutor that the 2010 treaty between the US and Russia on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms (new START) was in place at the present stage. It envisages, in particular, the decrease of arsenals of nuclear warheads to 1,550. “Its implementation will take long, and once we complete it, then we will look into the situation,” the diplomat noted.
Differences over Ukraine have not affected Russia-US disarmament cooperation
May 06, 8:19 UTC+4
“We have not imposed sanctions against the United States in the sphere, and American partners have not done that either,” the director of the Russian Foreign Ministry’s security and disarmament department says
© ITAR-TASS/Oled Bogdanov
US diplomat: there is no evidence of Russia’s involvement in Odessa massacre
UNITED NATIONS, May 06. /ITAR-TASS/. Differences over Ukraine have not told on the cooperation between Russia and the United States in the sphere of disarmament, the director of the Russian Foreign Ministry’s security and disarmament department, Mikhail Ulyanov, said.
“The differences on Ukraine have virtually not affected the sphere of nonproliferation and armament control,” Ulyanov told ITAR-TASS on Monday.
“We have not imposed sanctions against the United States in the sphere, and American partners have not done that either – apparently proceeding from the fact that cooperation between our countries, cooperation of the ‘Nuclear Five’ in this field meets the interests of Washington. I think it is also in our interests to a certain extent,” he said.
Two new rounds of three-party gas talks to be held in May – European Commission
May 06, 6:05 UTC+4
Brussels will analyze the issue shortly before the European Council’s meeting in June
BRUSSELS, May 06 /ITAR-TASS/. Two new rounds of three-party talks on gas issues between representatives of Russia, Ukraine and the European Union will be held in the middle and at the end of May, European Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger’s spokeswoman Sabine Berger said.
Asked by journalists about the results of the first meeting on May 2 in the Polish capital Warsaw, Berger disagreed with the viewpoint that the talks ended without effect. She said all sides stressed that three-party discussions are important and agreed to meet again.
The spokeswoman also said Tuesday the European Commission hopes all gas issues may be resolved at the end of this month.
At Warsaw’s meeting, Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak, Ukrainian parliament-appointed Energy and Coal Industry Minister Yury Prodan and Oettinger reached an agreement to draft measures by the end of May to overcome the crisis around the deliveries of Russian gas to Ukrainian and European consumers.
Commenting on Oettinger’s statement that the purchasing price for gas should be one and the same for all EU members, Berger explained that the EU’s national energy markets are becoming ever more interconnected and gas prices should not be pegged to oil prices, so that different manufacturers and gas suppliers are able to compete with each other.
Berger said she and her colleagues will analyze the issue shortly before the European Council’s meeting in June for which they are drafting a survey on reinforcing EU energy security and cutting its dependency on Russian gas.
Ukrainian state energy company Naftogaz’s debt to Moscow currently stands at about $3.5 billion with the gas price standing at $485.5 per 1,000 cu m. European consumers are afraid the situation may affect transit gas supplies to Europe.
On April 10, Russian President Vladimir Putin sent a letter on the situation in Ukraine to the leaders of 18 European countries who buy Russian natural gas. In the letter, he explained in detail the current critical situation with Ukraine’s debt for Russian gas supplies, which could affect gas transit to European consumers.
Moscow recently substantially raised the price for gas supplied to Ukraine from the figure of $268.5 per 1,000 cubic meters agreed last year when an association agreement with the EU was shelved in November 2013.
In the second quarter of 2014, the price for Russian gas for Ukraine was set at $385.5 per 1,000 cu m. Russian energy giant Gazprom said earlier that the price rose from $268.5 due to the return to earlier contract agreements, as Ukraine failed to fulfill its commitments under an additional agreement concluded in December 2013, which obliged the country to pay for supplied volumes of Russian gas in time.
On April 2, Putin signed a law on denunciation of the Kharkov Accords with Ukraine, which were struck in 2010 and stipulated that Russia’s lease of naval facilities in Crimea [then part of Ukraine] would be extended by 25 years beyond 2017 – until 2042.
The Kharkov deals envisioned a discount of $100 per 1,000 cu m on Russian gas for Kiev. Now that the accords have been denounced due to Crimea’s accession to the Russian Federation, the discount will no longer be applied, raising the gas price by another $100 to $485.5 per 1,000 cu m, which is expected to make the economic situation in Ukraine even more complicated.
Coup in Ukraine and Crimea’s secession
Ukraine is in political and economic turmoil following a coup that occurred in the country in February after months of anti-government protests triggered by Kiev’s decision to suspend an association agreement with the EU in November 2013 to study the deal more thoroughly.
New people were brought to power in Kiev amid deadly riots that involved radicals after President Viktor Yanukovich had to leave Ukraine citing security concerns in February 2014. Russia does not recognize the new Ukrainian authorities, who appear unable to restrain ultranationalists and radicals.
Ukraine’s crisis soured further when the Republic of Crimea, where most residents are Russians, refused to recognize the legitimacy of the new self-proclaimed Ukrainian leadership. Crimea held a referendum March 16 in which an overwhelming majority of Crimeans voted to secede from Ukraine and reunify with the Russian Federation. The accession deal with Moscow was signed two days later.
Kiev and Western nations do not recognize Crimea’s reunification with Russia despite Moscow’s repeated statements that the Crimean plebiscite conformed to the international law and the UN Charter and was in line with the precedent set by Kosovo’s secession from Serbia in 2008.
Some Russian and Crimean officials and companies have been subjected to sanctions by Western nations after Crimea’s incorporation by Russia. Russia has also taken some limited punitive actions in response.
The West has threatened Russia with new economic penalties unless the country changes its foreign policy, but Moscow has dismissed the unfriendly measures saying the language of sanctions is counterproductive and will have a boomerang effect on Western nations.
Crisis spreads to southeastern regions
After Crimea’s accession to Russia, protests against the new Ukrainian authorities erupted in Ukraine’s Russian-speaking southeastern territories, with demonstrators demanding referendums on the country’s federalization and taking control of some government buildings.
Ukrainian parliament-appointed interim head of state Alexander Turchinov on April 15 announced the start of an antiterrorism operation in the Donetsk Region in eastern Ukraine. Russia has condemned the operation, which is apparently aimed to crack down on federalization supporters.
A total of 46 people died in clashes and a fire in the southern Ukrainian city of Odessa where riots started on May 2 after soccer fans who came from the city of Kharkov, as well as Right Sector far-right ultranationalist movement radicals and so-called “Maidan self-defense” representatives from Kiev organized a march along city streets.
Clashes with federalization supporters followed. Radicals set ablaze the Trade Unions House, where their opponents hid, and a tent camp where activists were collecting signatures for a referendum on Ukraine’s federalization and for the status of a state language for Ukrainian.
Forensic medical experts complete identification of fire victims in Odessa
May 06, 3:00 updated at: May 06, 4:35 UTC+4
Five people were shot dead, eight died when they fell from a height in an attempt to escape fire and those who pursued them, and 24 people died from burns and carbon monoxide poisoning
ODESSA, May 06 /ITAR-TASS/. The southern Ukrainian city of Odessa will continue burying those who died in a fire in the regional Trade Unions House set ablaze by radicals a few days ago. Funerals that started on Monday were suspended because Odessa forensic medical experts needed extra time to finish the identification of 37 victims, whose bodies were found in burnt-out offices inside the building, and determine the cause of their death.
According to officially published data, five people were shot dead, eight died when they fell from a height in an attempt to escape fire and those who pursued them, and 24 people died from burns and carbon monoxide poisoning. The death toll includes six women. Those who died were aged 18-62.
MP Oleg Tsaryov and a number of other Ukrainian politicians have already told journalists that the authorities deliberately understated the death count in fear of popular unrest. Local media said, with reference to unnamed law enforcers and forensic medical experts, that 72 or even 116 were killed.
The reports make the atmosphere in the city even tenser. The authorities have reinforced the protection of strategic facilities, canceled all mass events scheduled for Victory Day and taken other measures.
The parents of schoolchildren were told not to let their children go outside in the evening and teach them not to lift unknown objects from the ground.
Riots started in Odessa on May 2 after soccer fans who came from the city of Kharkov, as well as Right Sector far-right ultranationalist movement radicals and so-called “Maidan self-defense” representatives from Kiev organized a march along city streets that resulted in clashes with federalization supporters.
As a result, radicals set ablaze the Trade Unions House, where their opponents hid, and a tent camp where activists were collecting signatures for a referendum on Ukraine’s federalization and for the status of a state language for Ukrainian. The authorities said the clashes and fire left 46 people dead; more than 200 sought medical assistance.
Ukraine saw a coup in February after months of anti-government protests. New people were propelled to power amid riots as President Viktor Yanukovich had to leave Ukraine citing security concerns. Russia does not recognize the de facto Ukrainian authorities, who appear unable to restrain radicals and ultranationalists.
The Crimean Peninsula, where most residents are Russians, held a referendum March 16 in which it overwhelmingly voted to secede from Ukraine and reunify with Russia. The accession deal with Moscow was signed March 18.
After Crimea’s reunification with Russia, protests against the new Ukrainian authorities in Kiev erupted in Ukraine’s Russian-speaking southeastern regions, with demonstrators demanding referendums on the country’s federalization and taking control of some government buildings.
Kiev has been conducting an antiterrorism operation in eastern Ukraine apparently aimed to clamp down on federalization supporters. Russia has condemned the operation.
Council of Europe diplomats to discuss Ukraine events
May 06, 2:23 UTC+4
Russia will be represented by Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov
VIENNA, May 06 /ITAR-TASS/. The Council of Europe’s decision-making body, the Committee of Ministers, will gather on Tuesday in Vienna, the capital of Austria, whose presidency in the CE will go over to Azerbaijan in May. The meeting is expected to focus on the situation in Ukraine.
According to the Austrian Foreign Ministry, the heads and representatives of foreign policy departments from 47 countries will attend. Russia will be represented by Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, who will also take part in the political debate of the session entitled “Council of Europe values and stability in Europe: current challenges”.
The topics that Austria initially planned to touch upon will go to the background due to the crisis in Ukraine, where dozens were killed a few days ago when the Trade Unions building in the southern city of Odessa was set on fire by radicals.
The Russian Foreign Ministry expects its colleagues to discuss the situation in Ukraine as well. Earlier the ministry stressed that the potential of the Council of Europe “should be used for expert and legal contribution to the holding of a deep constitutional reform in the country based on inclusive national dialogue aimed at overcoming the society’s split”.
The ministry said it believes the efforts of the International Advisory Panel, set up by the Council of Europe to investigate rights violations in Ukraine, should be aimed at that, adding that it hopes the panel will be “unbiased and not politicized” when analyzing events in Ukraine.
“The policy of restricting the freedom of media, imposing restrictions on movement between Russia and Ukraine, using armed forces against civilians, practiced by Kiev, runs counter to the fundamental norms and principles of the Council of Europe and must be immediately stopped,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said.
“Relevant CE bodies should give this practice a proper assessment,” it said.
Moscow proceeds from the fact that the Council of Europe “should call on the current de facto Kiev authorities to unconditionally implement agreements reached in Geneva on April 17 to de-escalate the tensions and to draft a new constitution that would to the right degree take into account the legal hopes and concerns of all Ukrainian regions”.
The Geneva Statement, adopted after the April 17 meeting on Ukraine that involved Russia, the United States, the European Union and Ukraine, in particular envisions that all illegal armed formations should be disarmed in Ukraine, all administrative buildings unblocked and all protesters except for those who committed serious crimes pardoned.
Prior to the session of the Committee of Ministers, in an interview with Austrian media, CE Secretary-General Thorbjorn Jagland said the constitutional reform should lay the foundation for a united Ukraine. He said Ukraine needs certain decentralization and added that power bodies in regions should get broader powers.
However, Jagland does not expect breakthrough solutions from the current session. He said the fact that the top diplomats of Russia and Ukraine will sit at one table is already a success.
The Council of Europe, established in 1949, comprises 47 countries with an overall population of 800 million people. Its key task is to promote human rights protection and development of democratic values.
According to the Russian Foreign Ministry, Russia’s activity in the CE “is aimed at consolidation of efforts to strengthen the uniting European agenda, search for common answers to real challenges and threats common for Europeans, including terrorism, uncontrolled migration, drug trafficking, extremism…, nationalism and neo-Nazism…, intolerance and discrimination against ethnicities, religions, cultures etc.”
Russia is one of the leading CE member states in terms of broadness of its activity and is among top five contributors to the CE budget.
Massive protests against the new Ukrainian authorities, who were propelled to power in Kiev amid riots during a coup in Ukraine in February, erupted in Ukraine’s Russian-speaking southeastern regions in March after Crimea’s incorporation by Russia. Demonstrators, who are demanding referendums on the country’s federalization, have seized some government buildings.
Crimea’s urge to reunify with Russia was caused by the republic’s refusal to accept the new Kiev authorities. In a March 16 referendum, Crimeans overwhelmingly voted to secede from Ukraine and accede to Russia. The reunification deal with Moscow was signed March 18.
The Kiev authorities have been conducting an antiterrorism operation in eastern Ukraine, in particular, in the Donetsk Region. Russia, which does not recognize the de facto Ukrainian leaders, brought to power by the coup, has condemned the operation, apparently aimed to crack down on Ukrainian nationals supporting federalization.
In Odessa, riots started on May 2 after soccer fans from Kharkov, Right Sector far-right ultranationalist movement radicals and so-called “Maidan self-defense” representatives from Kiev organized a march along city streets.
After clashes with federalization supporters, they set ablaze the Trade Unions House, where their opponents hid, and a tent camp where activists were collecting signatures for a referendum on Ukraine’s federalization and for the status of a state language for Ukrainian. As a result of the clashes and the fire, 46 people died and more than 200 sought medical assistance.
Russia thanks Serbia for opposing anti-Russian sanctions
May 06, 0:01 UTC+4
State Duma speaker Sergei Naryshkin met with Serbian parliament speaker Maja Gojkovic to “discuss in detail the causes and evolution of the deep crisis in Ukraine”
BELGRADE, May 05 /ITAR-TASS/. Russia is grateful to Serbia for opposing anti-Russian sanctions imposed by the United States, the European Union and other countries, Mikhail Yemelyanov, deputy head of the Just Russia faction in the State Duma (lower house of the Russian parliament), said on Monday, May 5, while on a visit in Serbia.
At the talks with Serbian MPs, the Russian delegation led by State Duma speaker Sergei Naryshkin thanked them for “not giving in to pressure and not joining the sanctions” as well as for support during the vote on anti-Russian resolutions in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the United Nations.
“It’s not a secret that the Americans were exerting pressure to prevent Naryshkin from coming [to Serbia]. That on one hand they are seeking to join the European Union and on the other hand were not afraid of receiving our delegation testifies to their [Serbs’] courage,” Yemelyanov said.
Earlier in the day, Naryshkin said he had met with Serbian parliament Speaker Maja Gojkovic to “discuss in detail the causes and evolution of the deep crisis in Ukraine”.
In Belgrade, Naryshkin laid flowers to the war memorial to Soviet soldiers who died while liberating the Serbian capital in 1944, to the monument to the heroes of World War I and to the tomb of Mikhail Rodzyanko, the speaker of the 3rd and 4th State Dumas in the early 20th century.
Water lost in Crimean Canal to help deal with water shortages in Crimea
May 05, 23:19 UTC+4
One of the ways to deal with shortages of water in Crimea is to supply it from central parts of the peninsula
MOSCOW, May 05 /ITAR-TASS/. Faced with possible shortages of water after Ukraine’s decision to stop water supplies, Crimea can use water lost during the operation of the North Crimean Canal, according to the draft federal target programme on the socioeconomic development of the peninsula up to 2020 prepared by the Ministry of Regional Development and obtained by ITAR-TASS.
“Crimea’s dependence on supply of water via the North Crimean Canal can be eventually reduced or eliminated by searching for underground water sources, including manmade ones,” the document says, adding that such sources were created by the almost fifty-year-long operation of the canal. The conduit built in 1961-1971 and never repaired since then is worn out so much that about 40% of water transported by it is lost on the way.
Experts also pin hopes on new technologies that can conduct geological prospecting at a depth of 500 metres compared to no more than 200 metres before.
Other solutions would include conditioning water vapours from air using household appliances that can act as both air conditioners and heaters; employing active meteorological impact methods to increase precipitation; and desalinising seawater and salted underground water.
Russia may invest 2.28 billion roubles in desalinisation in Crimea up to 2017.
Crimea has scarce water resources and is one of the most water-deficient parts of Europe. Its eastern regions from Sudak to Kerch have virtually no surface sources of water. Crimea is 82% dependent on external water supplies via the North Crimean Canal that links the Dnepr and the peninsula.
More than two-thirds of all water (600-700 million cubic meters) is used for agricultural purposes and the rest is kept in eight water reservoirs, three of which are now the only source of drinking water in Kerch, the Leninsky District of Crimea, and the cities of Feodosia and Sudak.
“Even a brief halt in water supply from the North Crimean Canal to Crimea will cause a severe shortage of both agricultural and drinking water,” the draft programme said.
Meanwhile, the Russian Defence Ministry will provide army units for helping to supply fresh water to Crimea.
A pipeline battalion of the Western Military District will lay field trunk pipelines within several days to bring fresh water from artesian wells in the south-east of the peninsula. The more than 120 km pipelines will be able to deliver over 9,000 cubic meters of water a day.
Crimea has enough underground drinking water sources and can even solve irrigation problems by storing rain and snow water, Valery Lukyanchikov, deputy director of the All-Russia Research Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, told ITAR-TASS.
Explored sources of underground drinking water can give over 1 million cubic metres a day, and since Crimea previously received water from Ukraine via the North Crimean Canal, many water wells were never used. Some of them are now being put into operation.
One of the ways to deal with shortages of water in Crimea is to supply it from central parts of the peninsula to regions that lack it. Another option is desalinisation.
Lukyanchikov has just returned from Crimea where he led a working group that sought to study the situation on the ground.
It will take 10-15 billion roubles to solve the problem of water supply to Crimea, Russian presidential aide Andrei Belousov said.
“Crimea can be independent in terms of water supply, but it will cost 10-15 billion roubles,” he said.
One of the solutions would be supplying water from Russia’s southern Kuban region by building a pipeline. However, Belousov said this would be an “exotic” option.
Another solution would be “drilling wells and using the existing water reservoirs”.
The Ukrainian authorities reduced water supplies to Crimea on April 26 alleging the peninsula owned Kiev a large sum for water.
Crimea’s acting Head Sergei Aksyonov said restrictions on the supply of water to Crimea were an act of sabotage on the part of Ukraine.
Aksyonov said “negotiations are underway with Ukraine at the federal level” to resolve the issue. “There are backup plans. In any case, Crimea will not be left without water. As for drinking water, there are no problems with it,” he said.
Report on mass violations of human rights in Ukraine goes to Putin
Russia ITAR TASS
May 05, 22:47 UTC+4
The Russian State Duma said it would use its parliamentary possibilities to make the facts stated in the White Book widely known
MOSCOW, May 05 /ITAR-TASS/. A report on mass violations of human rights in Ukraine submitted to President Vladimir Putin on Monday, May 5, is designed to draw international attention to the problem, the Kremlin said.
“This document has been published in public-domain resources and on the Russian Foreign Ministry’s website to lend publicity to the results of the ministry’s work on the issue that tops the agenda, including the head of state’s one,” presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov told ITAR-TASS.
Putin received the White Book, a report prepared by the Foreign Ministry, which lists numerous facts of human rights violations in Ukraine in the period from late November 2013 to late March 2014.
The document is based on information from Russian, Ukrainian and Western media sources, statements by representatives of the current authorities in Kiev and their supporters, eyewitness accounts and on-the-spot observations and interviews of Russian non-commercial organisations.
The data in the report make it possible to assert that severe violations of the basic human rights’ principles and norms have taken on a mass nature in Ukraine.
The main purpose of the White Book is to provide the public with facts and evidence of the events in Ukraine, thus helping to form non-politicised, unbiased assessments and to call to account those who are responsible for the illegal actions.
Purges, repressions and physical violence have become commonplace in Ukraine, the Foreign Ministry said.
The Book consists of several sections. The first of them lists clashes between extremists and law enforcers, and facts of extortion and blackmailing. It also contains evidence of torture of political opponents by extremists who poured gasoline on the former and threatened to set them on fire, beat them with spades and drove needles under their nails.
The second section deals with instances of interference by foreign countries in events in Ukraine, including visits to the Maidan (Kiev’s Independence Square, the scene of confrontation and mass unrests in late 2013 and early 2014) by European Parliament deputies and diplomats from Europe and the United States.
A separate section describes extremists’ tactics used in clashes with law enforcers and is based to a large extent on evidence provided by Ukrainian law enforcers themselves, including members of the Berkut anti-riot police force, which was accused of using violence against “peaceful” demonstrators in Kiev and eventually dissolved.
Another section focuses on censorship in Ukrainian mass media after the coup that brought the opposition to power and forced legitimate Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich to flee the country. It also cites facts of ethnic strife and discrimination on linguistic, ethnic and religious grounds.
“The forceful seizure of power and the anti-constitutional coup in Ukraine led to the collapse of the legitimate system of state power and to lawlessness. The rise of ultranationalist, extremist and neo-Nazi sentiment, religious intolerance and xenophobia, threats and pressure from ‘Euro Maidan’ leaders against their political opponents, purges, repressions, physical violence and downright banditry have become commonplace,” the ministry said.
The Russian State Duma (lower house of parliament) said it would use its parliamentary possibilities to make the facts stated in the White Book widely known.
The White Book was published on the Russian Foreign Ministry’s website and presented to President Vladimir Putin on May 5.
“It is necessary to use all possibilities, including parliamentary ones, to make the events described in the White Book widely known and discussed in the world and key human rights organisations, and to ensure that they provide the basis for an impartial international investigation of the crimes committed in Ukraine,” MP Olga Batalina said.
She believes that the White Book “can open the eyes of the politicians who prefer to keep them tightly shut during the rampancy of fascism in Ukraine and who do not want to notice the bloody violence against peaceful people”.
UN Under-Secretary-General Feltman goes to Moscow for talks on Ukraine
Russia ITAR TASS
May 05, 22:31 UTC+4
He will hold meetings with Russian officials
© AP Photo/Osama Faisal
UNITED NATIONS, May 05 /ITAR-TASS/. U.N. Under-Secretary-General Jeffrey Feltman will arrive in Moscow within several hours for consultations on Ukraine, an informed source in the United Nations told ITAR-TASS on Monday, May 5.
He said Feltman had wound up his mission in Cyprus and was on his way to Moscow. In Moscow, Feltman will hold meetings with Russian officials.
On May 7-8, he is planning to visit Kiev.
Last week, he said that during his talks in Moscow and Kiev he would seek to convey U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s call for restraint and immediate resumption of dialogue.
Ban told Agence France Presse earlier on May 5 that he was “ready to play a role” in the resolution of the Ukrainian crisis.
He said he was maintaining contact with all sides involved – Ukraine, Russia, the European Union and the United States – and urged all sides to resolve the issue peacefully.
His deputy spokesperson Farhan Haq said Ban’s mediation would be possible only if the sides concerned wished so.
Serbia reaffirms priority of South Stream gas pipeline project
Economy ITAR TASS
May 05, 21:53 UTC+4
EuroCommission claims against South Stream may be solved by yearend — Russia’s EU envoy
BELGRADE, May 05. /ITAR-TASS/. Serbia has reaffirmed the priority of the South Stream gas pipeline project, State Duma First Deputy Speaker Ivan Melnikov said after talks with Serbian parliament Speaker Maja Gojkovic on Monday, May 5.
“Serbia has adopted a government decision that the South Stream project is a priority,” Melnikov said referring to Gojkovic’s statement. “This is a very important project and nothing can cause Serbia to waive its implementation.”
South Stream will be built across the Black Sea to South and Central European countries to diversify gas supplies to Europe and reduce the dependence on transit countries.
To build the onshore sections of the pipeline, Gazprom has signed agreements with Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Greece, Slovenia, Croatia, and Austria.
Luhansk ‘people’s governor’ orders referendum May 11
World ITAR TASS
May 05, 21:29 UTC+4
At a referendum, people will be asked to say whether they support state autonomy for the Luhansk People’s Republic
© ITAR-TASS/EPA/SERGEY DOLZHENKO
Civil war provoked by Kiev authorities raging in Ukraine – Luhansk Region Council
KIEV, May 05. /ITAR-TASS/. The “people’s governor” of the eastern Ukrainian Luhansk region, Valery Bolotov, has authorized a referendum on May 11 where people will be asked to say whether they support state autonomy for the Luhansk People’s Republic.
Bolotov believes that people in the region will be able to express their will freely. “We will act in the interests of people in a manner as transparent as possible. It will be a fair referendum. We will not take any other steps except worthy expression of the will,” he said.
Vote-counting groups have been set up and places for polling stations chosen, Bolotov said, adding that the authorities have confirmed that lists of voters have been drawn up and ballots are being prepared.
Tuesday, May 6
00:23 GMT: RT
Members of two Donetsk coal mines have gone on strike, assembling in the center of the city to protest against the authorities in Kiev, Itar-tass reports.
South Donbass No. 1 and No. 3 mines in the city of Ugledar, Donetsk region have partially seized production and are now demanding that Kiev’s military units end assaults on people in the east of the country.
Some miners have expressed their desire to join the self-defense squads to help protect Ukraine’s industrial region. Others are volunteering to help organize this week’s referendum.
Kiev to use first portion of IMF loan for augmenting gold and currency resreves
Economy ITAR TASS
May 05, 21:11 UTC+4
On April 30, the IMF Board of Governors approved a two-year standby credit facility of $17 billion for Ukraine
© EPA/ROMAN PILIPEY
No doubts about Ukraine gas debt, EU intends to help Naftogaz – EU energy commissioner
KIEV, May 05. /ITAR-TASS/. Kiev will use the first portion of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) loan for augmenting its gold and currency reserves in order to stabilize the financial situation in the country, National Bank Chairman Stepan Kubiv said on Monday, May 5.
“Over $1 billion from the first portion of the loan will go into the gold and currency reserves of Ukraine, which will strengthen the financial system of the country. The remainder will go to the budget to stabilize the macroeconomic and financial situation in Ukraine,” he said.
Kubiv believes that the IMF loan “will send a positive signal to foreign investors and domestic entrepreneurs, improve the investment climate in the country and stabilize the hryvnia”.
On April 30, the IMF Board of Governors approved a two-year standby credit facility of $17 billion for Ukraine. The first portion will amount to around $3.2 billion.
Russian troops will not enter Ukraine, but will pursue its national interests via other means, NATO’s top military commander and head of the US European Command, General Philip Breedlove, said.
“Today I would tell you I don’t think that’s the most likely course of action…I think now that [President] Putin may be able to accomplish his objectives in eastern Ukraine and never go across the border with his forces,” Breedlove told a defense conference in Ottawa.
He also blamed Moscow for having a hand in the unrest in Ukraine.
“Now I think probably the most likely course of action is that he [Putin] will continue doing what he’s doing, discrediting the [Ukrainian government], creating unrest, trying to set the stage for a separatist movement,” Breedlove said.
The so-called “Kosovo police” harassed Serbs! 20 Serbs were injured this morning during the afternoon and another 16 children were injured by stones!
The May 17 arrest of a young Serb employee of UNMIK’s north Mitrovica office suggests that the Kosovo Albanians have no intention of accepting a negotiated outcome for the region north of the Ibar River.
The May 17 arrest of a young Serb employee of UNMIK’s north Mitrovica office removes any good reason for resisting the judgement that the Kosovo Albanians have no intention of accepting a negotiated outcome for the region north of the Ibar River. They do not want negotiations on the north, they just want the north. So, to head off any possibility of having to accept compromise, they will provoke the Serbs there into refusing to deal with them.
The young man arrested frequently travelled to visit family in the mixed north Mitrovica village of Suvi Do. To get there, he’d have to pass through an Albanian area. At that point, he would also have to pass by a unit of the so-called “regional” Kosovo police that EULEX allows free reign in this sensitive area. His routines were known. He could have been stopped at any time, as any of the Serbs living there can be. The decision to arrest him at this point on “suspicion” that he was involved in a demonstration in April to prevent the Kosovo Albanian police from setting up another provocative checkpoint – where there had just been a deadly explosion – was clearly political. (EULEX has still not managed to release any information on who might have been responsible for the explosion.) Many, many Serbs turned out for this. The targeting of a local UNMIK employee also allowed Pristina to take another shot at the UN office in north Mitrovica.
A cynic might say that the arrest was Pristina’s way of “recruiting” Serbs to take part in its “dialogue” over the north that it plans to unilaterally launch in September. The truth, however, is more basic than that. The Kosovo Albanians do not want to negotiate over the north, they want to have their “rule of law” imposed there so that they can use it to enforce more “returns” and eventually push the Serbs out entirely. They expected the internationals to do this for them; first UNMIK, then the ICO and EULEX. Having failed in that, they have mounted steady provocations since July 2011. Now they see the internationals pushing them to talk with the northern Serbs. So they provoke the Serbs, either to set off violence that they can use to justify new repression or to simply strengthen the hands of those Serbs opposed to talks.
One might hope that through dialogue, a possible agreement along the lines of the Ahtisaari Plan was possible. This would keep the north as part of Kosovo while providing for local self-rule and maintenance of ties with Serbia. The Kosovo Albanian leadership, however, has no intention of ever accepting that. And their international supporters – the Quint – appear not to have the stomach for imposing it on them. EULEX cannot even prevent the “police” from acting more like an ethnic-cleansing squad. The Quint capitals allow the Kosovo Albanians to make barely veiled threats to destabilize the region – even provoking incidents in south Serbia and Macedonia – if they don’t get everything they want. They give the game, by default, to Pristina.
Pristina knew the Serbs would get the message in the arrest of the young UN employee: “forget this negotiations stuff, you know we’ll never accept any terms but your surrender.” Only the internationals fail to understand.
It is interesting to note that the centuries long effort by the Irish to win their independence from the English eventually ended with two agreements: the first to recognize Irish independence and the second to accept that northern Ireland would remain part of the UK. No one considered leaving northern Ireland within the United Kingdom as a “partition.” Perhaps it time to admit that the same approach may be the only real solution for the region north of the Ibar, to recognize that it remains part of Serbia. The partition was the creation of an Albanian-majority Kosovo out of Serbia. No reason the Albanians should take the north too. That remains mostly Serb and part of Serbia.
As things now stand, the next government in Belgrade might petition the UN to allow them to send back their police to the Ibar border. Even if refused, Serbia could move down its police anyway. NATO would probably stand aside and perhaps even secretly sigh in relief.
The Kosovo Albanians would huff and puff and threaten regional violence. They would probably step up attacks on Serbs living in the south. In this case, the proper response would fall to NATO. It’s time, however, to accept that left to themselves, the current Kosovo leadership will do everything to avoid compromise, including threats, intimidation and provocation to block any effort to deny them the north on their terms. Only the strongest pressure from the US and EU – plus real peacekeeping along the Ibar by KFOR, EULEX and UNMIK – offers a stable alternative to the return of Serbia in the north.
Which will it be, Quint?
Gerard M. Gallucci is a retired US diplomat and UN peacekeeper. He worked as part of US efforts to resolve the conflicts in Angola, South Africa and Sudan and as Director for Inter-American Affairs at the National Security Council. He served as UN Regional Representative in Mitrovica, Kosovo from July 2005 until October 2008 and as Chief of Staff for the UN mission in East Timor from November 2008 until June 2010. Gerard is also a member of TransConflict’s Advisory Board.
|06BELGRADE1681||2006-10-17 06:20||2011-08-30 01:44||CONFIDENTIAL||Embassy Belgrade|
Tuesday, 17 October 2006, 06:20
C O N F I D E N T I A L BELGRADE 001681
STATE FOR S/WCI
DOJ FOR ALEXANDRE
EO 12958 DECL: CLOSURE OF ICTY
TAGS ICTY, PREL, PGOV, PHUM, KCRM, UNSC, SR
SUBJECT: ICTY ACTION PLAN SCORECARD, OCTOBER 2006
Classified By: DCM Roderick Moore, reasons 1.4 (b,d)
¶1. (c) SUMMARY: In July, the USG provided the GoS with eleven recommendations designed to advance the hunt for Ratko Mladic. Due primarily to the resistance of PM Kostunica himself, the GoS has not carried out in full a single one of our recommendations (two have been, arguably, partially initiated). In fact, Kostunica has literally brushed aside our recommendations, telling A/S Fried recently that Serbia “does not need two action plans.” With a constitutional referendum and follow-on elections likely to dominate the political calendar for the next several months, Action Plan coordinator Rasim Ljajic has told us frankly that we should not expect any more public activity on the issue, though he says below-the-radar operational activities will continue.
ATTACK ON RS ARMY MILITARY CONVOY IN ŽEPA CANYON ON JUNE 4, 1992
Organized and long prepared attacks on garrisons and military convoys of regular JNA at the beginning and in the middle of 1992 committed by Islamic fundamentalists, members of Green Berets and so-called Patriotic League, have been continued with the same intensity on regular RS Army when there was no military need for those attacks and when there were verified agreements on letting these convoys pass to their military destination in Žepa area.
Preparations and organization of perfidious attacks, after the set agreements, was done according to the same procedure as in previously mentioned attacks on JNA military convoys in Tuzla and Sarajevo, in order to destroy BH defense system and create conditions for the attack on Serbian people with the aim of their elimination and persecution – ethnical cleansing from BH area. The attack on military convoy in Žepa area showed all hypocrisy, cruelty and seriousness of crimes without precedent in the war, when the wounded and the captured were murdered in the most atrocious ways, vehicles burnt and property destroyed.
The military organizing of Muslims in Žepa region
In spite of the previous agreement with the Moslem leadership in Žepa on free passing for military convoy to the military facility and TV relay Zlovrh, Moslems, organized in Patriotic League and Green Berets, perfidiously attacked the convoy in one gorge in Žepa. On that occasion, 45 members of VRS whose names are enclosed in this information got killed, many wounded and 30 captured. Many vehicles and other equipment were burnt up and destroyed, and wounded soldiers from the convoy were, contrary to the regulations of international law, atrociously killed on the spot (KP No. 15-1/02-KU56/94-DC-1/30).
This attack was committed by special terrorist groups formed by SDA HQ in Sarajevo and Srebrenica sub-region, for the area of GOĐENJE, BRLOŽNIK and STOBORAN and other villages surrounding Žepa.
All decisions in Muslim part of the leadership were brought in meetings of the highest SDA leadership whose members were the following: Alija Izetbegović, Ejup Ganić, Haris Silajdžić, Rusmir Mahmutčehajić, Omer Behmen and sometimes Irfan Ajanović. This leadership founded “Patriotic League” as its military wing. The founding of “Patriotic League”, as illegal military organization, started in April 1991, when BH Deputy Minister of Defense, together with Sulejman Vranj and some more Muslims created Instructions on organization and acting in the field. In May 1991 the organization was named “Patriotic League”. Sefer Halilović and Rusmir Mahmutčehajić participated in its organizing and foundation. “Patriotic league” achieved the high level of military organization and it had 9 regional and 103 municipal HQs with 98.000 soldiers at the beginning of the war (BH had 109 municipalities in total). Municipalities from Eastern Bosnia were also included, especially those from Srebrenica sub-region. For Žepa and Han Pijesak municipalities everything was organized through the commander of “Patriotic League” regional HQ Čardaković Ramo, and his commander of the squad that attacked VRS military convoy was Pavlić Avdo, and for Žepa area it was Beho Kulovac. Kustura Željko supplied these terrorist formations with weapons in April 1992, and he performed that task through the authorised person of SDA – Demonjić Hazem, born in Olovo village, Goražde municipality, who lived in Sarajevo (testimony of Čavčić Mehmedalija, son of Mehmed, born in 1957 – DC-1/30). A big amount of infantry weapons was brought, among which the most numerous were AP “Kalašnjikov”. All weapons were brought to the house of Kustura Zajko. Other part of weapons came through Osmanlić Ismet, the Chief of PSS Rogatica and the President of SDA Rogatica Municipal Board. The following persons helped them distribute weapons: Imamović Mušan, Imamović Amir, Ćesko Salem, Podžić Ago and others. After Muslim terrorist units were armed, the organization of the attack on military convoy was done by Brigade Commander Osmanović Hasib with Šehić Muharem, Hasib Mulić, Mujkić Hamed and Čardaković Ibro.
The first group of diversionists was led by Omerović Hasib, and the following participated in the attack: Štitkovac Enver, Zimić Abid, Divović Hamed alias Div, Čavić Meho, Čavčić Bohodil, Zimić Ago, Mehmedović Alija, Zimić Ramiz, Omanović Ibro, Zimić Osmo, Podžić Dževad, Čavčić Hamza, Podžić Ago, Ručić Himzo, Kačević Omer, Ručić Omer, Hraljo Hamid, Hraljo Ćeman, Imamović Esad, Čavčić Sinan, Imamović Amir, Čavčić Hamdija, Imamović Mušan, Kačević Sejdalija, Ručić Ahmo, Kačević Ohran, Kačević Galib, Kačević Hamed, Kačević Edhem, Kačević Kemal, Čavić Bego, Kačević Adil, Čavić Smajo, Hodžić Ragib, Hrulja Osman, Brđanin Ago, Zimić Ibro, Brđanin Avdo, Zimić Hasan, Gluhić Himzo, Zimić Mustafa, Gluhić Ćamil, Zimić Mehmed, Gluhić Zulfo, Zimić Hamdija, Ćesko Sinan, Mešanović Rešid, Kulovac Sabid, Mešanović Ćamil, Kulovac Nezir, Hodžić Rešid, Kulovac Nedžib, Hodžić Halil, Ćesko Salim, Zimić Samedin, Dizdarević Ago, Čavčić Zejnil, Dizdarević Hasan, Ramić Hajrudin, Dizdarević Mujo, Bičić Numo, Ramić Sakib, Mujčinović Mujo, Vatreš Mustafa, Bogilović Avdo, Omanović Nusret, Lisić Halid, Kustura Himzo, Kačević Hamza, Čavčić Himzo, Hajrić Mehmed, Čavčić Omer, Ćesko Nedžad, Udovčić Jasmin, Kulovac Sead, Otajagić Ferid, Čavkušić Fuad, Holjić Fadil, Čavkušić Šefko, Branković Munib, Kulovac Benjamin, Salić Džemal, Žigić Asim, Karahodžić Iso and Čovčić Mehmedalija.
The second group, from the direction of Gođenje, was led by Šehić Kurem and Nesib Mulić, and the following participated in the attack: Ćurić Zejnil, Lilić Bajuzin, Lilić Zajko alias Žuti, Lilić Sejdalija, Lilić Selim, Džebo Hajrudin, Lilić Safet, Omerspahić Abid, Lilić Soćan, Kulić Hasib, Lilić Sejo, Hodžić Ibro, Lilić Šefik, Džabo Ismet, Lilić Remzo, Podžić Edhem, Podžić Ramiz, Džebo Suad, Lilić Ibrahim, Džebo Nedžad, Muratović Nedžad, Omerspahić Agonja, Muratović Safet, Smajić Zahid, Kamenica Hamza, Avdić Suad, Kamenica Mujo, Omerspahić Mehmed, Kamenica Ahmet, Lilić Zajko, Avdić Besim, Avdić Zenadil, Šahić Elsadet, Lilić Nasko, Muratović Hamed, Džebo Rahman, Muratović Emin, Nakić Hasan and his brother Avdić Meho alias Pero, Žigić Nijaz, Džebo Mušan, Žigić Rasim, Lilić Himzo, Žigić Zajim, Lilić Abid, Omerspahić Hurija, Džebo Meho, Omerspahić Nusret, Curić Mehmedalija, Lilić Ahmet and Muratović Dževad alias Ćiro.
The third group, from the direction of Brložnik village, was organized and commanded by Mujkić Hamed alias Hajva, and the folloeing participated in the attack: Mujkić Hasib, Mujkić Muhamed, Mujkić Ahmo, Mujkić Mehmed, Mujkić Himzo, Nuhanović Sahman, Mujkić Kadija, Nuhanović Hamzo, Mujkić Ibrahim alias Alkan, Ferlak Hajrudin, Nuhanović Sabrija, Nuhanović Mustafa, Nuhanović Neil, Nuhanović Mevludin, Nuhanović Jusuf, Nuhanović Meho, Nuhanović Sarija and Mujkić Selman.
The fourth group, from the direction of Stoborane and helped with people from Podžepolje was led and commanded by Ibro Čardaković, and the following participated in the attack: Čardaković Ramiz alias Zoran, Čardaković Alsad, Čardaković Safet, Jusufović Rašid, Bitić Mujo, Ridžal Ramiz, Sejfić Sead, Gušić Ramiz alias Cajner, Hodžić Hasan, Hodžić Zejnil, Hodžić Alija, son of Zaim, Hasanović Ekrem, Džebo Himzo, Ivojević Jusuf, Čardaković Emin alias Braco, Jusufović Hajrudin, Hodžić Hamdija, Hodžić Zejnil, Hasanović Salko and Kreštalica Mehmed.
Ambush in Žepa gorge
On June 4, 1992 in the early morning on that day, one armed RS Army battalion with several military vehicles, under the command of Major Šuka Dragan, started from Pale through Han Pijesak towards Žepa. Their task was to deliver food, water, medical and othernecessary equipment to VRS members who secured military facility and a TV relay on the Zlovrh hill, in Žepa area.
Many soldiers were murdered after being wounded or captured, when they put away their weapons as a sing of their surrender. Two members of Green Berets shot Serbian soldier Tomić Milenko, son of Diko, born on 01/11/1935 in Novi Karlovci, Inđija Municipality, Republic of Serbia, although he had thrown away his weapon and raised his hands as a sign of surrender, but due to circumstances he stayed alive. Why he was lying down severely wounded, Tomić was listening to cries of other captured Serbian soldiers who begged Moslem to kill them instead of torture the. According to the statement of witnesses of this event, one unidentified helpless severely wounded member of VRS was killed by Lilić Nasko, and the other also unidentified severely wounded VRS member was killed by Kačević Edhem (other data on the mentioned executors of these crimes are in explanation of criminal charge under items 3 and 4). It was impossible to identify murdered soldiers for their bodies were burnt up after the murder and their corpses were carbonized.
According to obtained evidence and insinuations, the main organizers of the attack on VRS military convoy, of killing the wounded and the captured, and finally of massacring and burning down of corpses were: Čardaković Ramo, Šahić Hurem, Lilić Nasko, Kačević Edhem, Palić Avdo, Mujkić Hamed, Jusufović Rašid, Ridžal Ramiz, Džebo Rahman, Muratović Hamed, Čardaković Emin, Hulovac Benjamin, Omanović Hasib and Dizdarević Ago (other data on these persons are stated in the explanation of the charge). They have, contrary to regulations of the Geneva Convention on Treatment of War Prisoners from 12/08/1949, ordered murdering and murdered helpless wounded and captured soldiers, committed sacrileges and burnt their corpses, for what there is photo documentation under Nos. 1-13 and reports of pathologist. In most of the cases it was impossible for experts to determine the cause of death and even to identify 9 bodies, which were greatly damaged by burning.
During the operational research on this crime against wounded and captured VRS soldiers, military medical facility and on the breach of the agreement of the cooperation and maintenance of Zlovrh relay near Žepa, a number of witnesses were heard, photo documents of burnt and exhumed bodies of young soldiers and other medical documentation obtained and all that is included in the charge. Among all testimonies, it is important to look into the testimony given by Lilić Smail, son of Idriz, born in 1949 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality, who was a active member of Moslem military formation that attacked the convoy as well as the testimony of Todorović Milorad, son of Boriša, born in 1954 in Prača, Pale Municipality, who experienced golgotha of this VRS battalion.
In his testimony, Lilić Smail stated: “In the beginning of May 1992, I started to Han Pijesak together with the workers from Gođenje, Podžeplje and Žepa, to get the salary and we were sent back. Upon my arrival to Gođenje, meetings of SDA higher leadership were held. A TO unit for the area of Gođenje, Podžeplje and other Moslem villages from Han Pijesak Municipality was formed at the beginning. The main person in that HQ was Čardaković Ramo and Šahić Hurem and Hasanović Salih were also members of the HQ. Weapons for that unit were obtained earlier through Mujkić Himza, President of SDA for Han Pijesak. Each person who received weapons had to pay for it, some of them even 800 DM. At that time there were no actions, but only guards were held. Some time during May 1992, Palić Avdo was appointed as a TO unit Commander and Čardaković Ramo as TO Regional HQ Commander, covering the area of Žepa and Han Pijesak. Squad Commander for Gođenje and Podžeplje area was Palić Avdo, and for Žepa area it was Beno Kulovac. The HQ was moved to Žepa. At the same time, a unit of militia commanded by Šahić Hurem was formed. Osmanović Hasib from Žepa was also active in leadership.
Then the oath was signed and all conscripts were obliged to do it, so I did it too. Then I was sent to work, and I had to do physical labor. At that time the unit in our area had two snipers carried by Kamenica Hamza and Čardaković Emin. Ridžail Ramiz, Džebo Rahman, Muratović Hamed and Lilić Nasko were distinguished for their extremism.
Sometime in the beginning of June, Žepa Squad blocked Zlovrh where JNA was placed. In the morning, a courier from Srebrenica came to the HQ in Gođenje where Čardaković Ramo was, and he said that an army convoy of vehicles and tanks was going down the road towards Žepa. I know that Ramo has said several times to let the convoy through and not prevent their free passing. Ramo ordered everybody to evacuate their respective families into shelters and that was done. Army convoy came from Stoborani towards Gođenja, some time before noon. There were around 30 vehicles, several tanks, trucks, cars and busses. The Army passed through villages peacefully – they laughed and told us not to run away and threw us some cigarettes. From Gođenje, the convoy went towards Brložnik. After the convoy left, Čardaković Ramo came and ordered me to cut down three trees, with a power saw, over the road in order to block the road, down which the convoy went. In Šećerov Lager I found Lilić Sejo on the road. He was cutting down the trees but he did not know how to put them over the road, so I took the power saw from him and cut down three trees over the road. In my opinion, the aim of that roadblock was to prevent the convoy from turning back as well as to prevent any possible help to them. After I finished with that, I went back to my wife and my children. A heavy shooting could be heard at that time. Standing next to the stable, I was watching the fight between the army and people from ambush. The ambush was set up in Luke, on the crossroads for Gođenje, Purtići and Han Pijesak and the convoy were attacked when some vehicles were already across the wooden bridge. Commander of the ambush was Mujkić Hamed with his soldiers from Brležnik. Later on, a unit from Podžeplje, commanded by Jusupović Rešid, came to help. The fight did not last for a long time and the convoy went on towards Luke, without any major stopping. The convoy was shot at while passing through. The convoy was moving down the road in front of the house of Mujkić Himzo, when I saw Čardaković Ramo and Šahić Hurem together with soldiers from Gođenje, Tobarani and other villages, at least 150 of them getting involved in the fight attacking the convoy from direction of Grobići and along the river. The hardest fight was in Kulevkina Ograda where the convoy was stopped and the road blocked on both sides. That is the place where quarry is, at the border of Han Pijesak and Rogatica municipalities, before Berak village. The attack was done from all sides, because that spot is very convenient for ambushing, being placed in a gorge. Žepa Squad commanded by Kunovac Beno, was attacking from direction of Berak, and our Squad, commanded by Palić Avdo, from the opposite direction. From direction of Radava, the attack was done by the Squad commanded by Mujkić Hamed and from direction of Gođenje by the Squad commanded by Čardaković Ramo and Šahić Hurem. People from Podžeplje, Plana and Krivača attacked together with people from Brložnik. The struggle lasted till 20,30 hrs when it was finished with the total defeat of the army in convoy. I have heard that during this struggle Sarija Nuhanović, from Brložnik, set a car tire on fire and threw it among army vehicles, what caused vehicles in convoy to burn. I do not know exactly what was happening during the fight, because at that time I was in the cave, bellow the house of Hamed Smajić. I have heard later that especially active in that fight were Hakić Hasan, who was carrying a machine gun M-53, Muratović Hamid, Curić Zejmil and Dizdarević Ago. In the evening I was in Gođenje village and saw 31 prisoners brought to a school. They were brought by the unit commanded by Šahić Hurem and Čardaković Ramo. Several prisoners were wounded, one of them severely, who was brought in a tent fly and died the next morning. The prisoners were placed in a small room in school, into which even 10 of them would be hardly placed, so I don’t know how 30 of them were managed inside. The wounded were taken care of by a male nurse Džibo Himza. After that I went home. Bodies of dead soldiers and burnt down vehicles remained on the spot. A great amount of weapons and ammunition was seized on that occasion. I know that two
vehicles were also seized- ambulance was driven by Curić Zejmil and a truck by Kamenica Hamza. Next morning, about 20 of us who were there taken to work, under command of Džebo Mušan were sent to the spot. Every one, who had a gun, took it with him. I did not have any weapons, so I tool nothing. I was together with Lilić Himzo, Lilić Ahmed and Lilić Abid. When we came to the spot, we met Lilić Nasko and around 50 people from Brložnik. It was a complete chaos – many corpses and many burnt and carbonized bodies. We searched the terrain looking for weapons, ammunition and other equipment. I saw one wounded soldier who was standing with his arm against the stable wall. I walked beside him and 10-15 minutes later I heard a shot and saw that the wounded soldier was killed. Later, I heard that Kačević, whose first name I don’t know, killed him. That Kačević person is young, around 20 years old, blond, from Purtići. His brother is Kačević Hamed who worked in SIP “Planinsko”.
I found the other wounded soldier on the road, who was all covered in blood. While I was passing by him, he asked me to get his cigarettes out of his pocket what I did. I took already open package of cigarettes from his pocket together with the lighter, and then took out one cigarette, lit it up, and gave it to him. He told me to take one cigarette as well, and later he gave me remaining cigarettes and told me “Take it, I won’t need it anymore”. Then I was called by Curić Zejmil and as I was going towards him, I heard a gun shot and it was obvious who did it – Lilić Nasko, who shot him in the chest from semi-automatic rifle. I immediately approached the soldier and I saw him dead with the half of the cigarette still between his fingers. After the weapons and equipment were collected, we returned to the village.
On the same day, as my wife, father and sister-in-law told me, five soldiers with weapons running away from the spot passed by the cave they were in. The soldiers asked them for the shortest way to the nearest Serbian village and they gave one chocolate to each of the children (7 of them). My sister-in-law showed them the way to Mislove. Later, I heard that they took the road to Berovac and one of them got killed there, but the others made it. Two our soldiers – Nurko Brgulja and Jusuf Dumenjić got killed in Berovac on that occasion.
None of our soldiers got killed during the attack on the convoy but some of them were wounded. After the action, blocked soldiers in Zlovrh surrendered to the Žepa unit and I know that they were released later and they came through Gođenje and Stobran to Jelovce.
After 2-3 days, the attack of Serbian army followed and they managed to reach the spot of ambush where the soldiers from convoy got killed. There was no stronger resistance of our soldiers. During that attack, a shop was shelled and the prisoners from the school escaped. Serbian army took all the bodies from the spot. Later, Čardaković Ramo used to say that it had been a mistake to attack the convoy and that they shouldn’t have done it. Afterwards, the Squad was named “4th June”, after the event.”
The statement of Lilić who was the attacker corresponds pretty much to the statement of Todorović who was the defender, who stated:
“In the early morning on 04/06/1992, my company, to which I belonged as a soldier of Republic of Srpska, started to Zlovrh in Žepa area, in order to deliver food, medical and other equipment to VRS soldiers who were securing the transmitter. Before we started, Battalion Commander Major Šuka informed us that he had been in that area during previous days and that he agreed with the villagers passing of our convoy, so he expected no problems. The convoy was escorted by one tank, two transporters and one anti-aircraft canon, in any case. Arriving to Jelovci, Han Pijesak Municipality, we found first roadblocks made of tree logs and it wasn’t clear to me if they were put by our army or Moslems from this area. After we passed those first roadblocks, we went through first Moslem village before the canyon and as we saw no villagers, we proceeded towards Zlovrh. On stiff cliffs on both sides of the canyon, I noticed bunkers and parapets but I saw no people in them. Somewhere in that direction I saw two young man and one woman who greeted us while we passed along and soon we came to a village with a Mosque, where we took the turn for Zlovrh. After we passed the village in which we saw a number of men and women hurrying towards the wood, we reached up to a bridge that was destroyed. We got off, intending to mend the bridge and while doing so, Moslems from that area attacked us from infantry weapons without any warning. We got sheltered and responded to their fire, and after the bridge was mended and the fire ceased, we got into the vehicles and moved on. There we got first wounding of our men. After we crossed the river, we came to a ravine between two hills where the Moslems heavily attacked us from all sides. And we had to get off, find shelters around vehicles and respond to the fire. There was panic and mess because many of my comrades were wounded and some of them got killed. Moslems shot the drivers first, so new drivers had to replace them and move on, and some vehicles had to be moved off the road because they were heavily damaged. After we passed through the ravine, we found ourselves in a plain where majority of my comrades got killed and we fought Moslem from that area for a long time. The convoy was cut off because some vehicles remained damaged. I was at the end of the first half of the convoy so we managed to go through the plain and as we moved forward, we kept finding barricades that we removed. In front of us we heard Moslems cutting down trees with power saws making barricades for us. They planned and prepared that earlier, by cutting into them, and as we were approaching, those trees were pulled down. It was not long before we came to a huge barricade, made of tree logs that was not possible to remove even with a power saw, so we tried to remove it with a tank and we failed. The tank got off the road and got stuck, so we couldn’t move on. Commander Major Šuka took around 20 people and went towards Zlovrh that was allegedly not far away, trying to get through and get in touch with the Command in Pale, since our radio as damaged, in order to ask for help and consult for further actions. After some time, Šuka and his people came, carrying one dead soldier and told us that one soldier remained there, for they could not take him out. He also told us that he did not manage to get through to Zlovrh because he ran into their bunkers, where Moslems attacked them with infantry weapons. There were no armed conflicts in that area at that time and regarding the agreement with Major Šuka, we were surprised by perfidious attack. If we were to expect it, we would go in different formation and not as many of us would get killed. We spent the night between Thursday and Friday there and it was heavily raining all night long. We put the wounded under the vehicles and into transporters and the dead on trucks while we took the position around the vehicles and kept guarding as much as possible.
And they kept attacking us on that spot. Taking into account the terrain and stiff cliffs on both sides, Moslems kept throwing tree logs and big rocks on us and our vehicles, so many vehicles got damaged and some people injured. During the next day, Moslems kept attacking us from infantry weapons and we managed to establish a connection with our Command in Pale and they told us that the help was on the way. During that first night, Mićo Tomić managed to come to us from last cut-off part of the convoy and he told us that all people from that part of the convoy were killed and burnt up, and that he managed to escape. However, not all the people from that part were killed, some of them were captured and later released by our unit that came to rescue. On 06/06/1992 (Saturday morning) our rescue team came from the direction of Han Pijesak. They managed to get through only to place where the convoy was cut off and where the other part of the convoy remained, so Major Šuka told us that we had to get through to them with the rest of the vehicles. We put the wounded into transporters and the dead on the vehicles and we did as we were told. While going back we found barricades again that were by Moslems in the meantime. As we reached the river, we found the bridge destroyed again, so we had to mend it again. Moslems kept shooting on us from the nearby cliffs. During that attack, three young men who came to help us got killed and I don’t know if anybody was wounded. After we crossed the river, we managed to reach free area around Han Pijesak and in the afternoon of that day a small group of us who survived arrived at Pale.
I wish to emphasize that upon our arrival to the place where we met the rescue team, we saw a horrible scene – our comrades lying dead on and about the road, many corpses carbonized for they were wet with fuel and burnt up. We collected those bodies, so that none either dead or wounded who was not far from the road, remained, except for one part of those who got lost and remained.”
Victims of the crime
A. Killed VRS soldiers
1. Babić Risto, son of Dušan, born on 09/06/1939, last residency in Hreša, (other data unknown) 2. Borovčanin Radenko, son of Risto, born on 25/05/1937, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown.
3. Caić Slobodan, son of Milanko, born on 20/02/1952 in Nepravdići, Sokolac municipality, resided in Pale at the address 3. April bb 4. Cerovina Mladen, son of Ranko and Kovilja, maiden name Škipina, born on 29/11/1958 in Prača, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address Magistralni put 29
5. Cicović Mićo, son of Grujo, born on 11/12/1953 in Sjetlina, Pale Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 49 6. Gaćo Novo, son of Miloš, born on 14/01/1951, (other data unknown) 7. Jokić Novica, son of Neđo and Anđa, maiden name Petričević, born on 07/01/1959 in Košare, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Bjelogorci, Pale Municipality
8. Jugović Drago, son of Pavle, born on 22/04/1947, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown) 9. Klačar Dragan, son of Maksim, born on 05/05/1960, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown)
10. Klačar Mile, son of Maksim, born on 07/12/1957, last residency in Ilijaš, (other data unknown) 11. Klačar Nedeljko, son of Tadija and Persa, maiden name Lazić, born on 01/01/1951 in Ljubovošta, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Donja Ljubovošta
12. Komadan Vaso, son of Krsto, born on 28/05/1960, last residency in Ljubovošta, Pale, (other data unknown) 13. Kostović Niko, son of Ljubo, born on 14/09/1948 in Vranjevići, Foča Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address M. Simovića 7
14. Lazarević Dragoslav, son of Jovan, born on 22/01/1951, last residency in Ljubovošta, Pale, (other data unknown) 15. Lazarević Drago, son of Mirko and Stana, maiden name Cirić, born on 29/10/1948 in Pale, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, at the address Romanijska 41
16. Lazarević Radomir, son of Tomo and Mitra, maiden name Tomić, born on 03/12/1965 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resided, Serb 17. Lazarević Neđo, son of Vlado and Rada, maiden name Lizdek, born on 01/04/1951 in Donji Pribanj, Pale Municipality, Serb, metal-turner, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 12/2
18. Lopatić Petar, son of Sreto and Danica, maiden name Vuković, born on 21/04/1954 in Donja Ljubovošta, Pale Municipality, resided in the place of birth, Serb 19. Lučić Vuk, son of Savo and Tomka, maiden name Bukera, born on 20/02/1951 in Bare, Pale Municipality, Serb, Traffic Engineer, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 35
20. Mastilo Tomo, son of Jovo and Jovana, maiden name Golijanin, born on 09/09/1943 in Ukšići, Foča Municipality, Serb, resided in Kremenita brda, Pale Municipality 21. Mihaljović Novica, son of Momir, born on 24/01/1965, last residency in Pale, (other data unknown)22. Milutinović Branko, son of Vojislav and Jovanka, born on 31/05/1968 in Sarajevo, Mechanical Technician, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address S. V. Čiče 3 23. Muharemović Novak, son of Spasoje, born on 20/02/1956 in Kalauzovići, Sokolac Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, S. V. Čiče 8
24. Okuka Milovan, son of Momčilo, born on 16/07/1957, driver of ambulance, last residency in Sarajevo 25. Pandurević Srđan, son of Spaso and Mila, maiden name Knežević, born on 11/01/1960 in Jasik, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Jasik
26. Pavlović Zdravko, son of Bojo and Zora, maiden name Zeljaja, born on 02/10/1959 in Gornje Pale, Pale Municipality, Serb, Mechanical Technician, working in Pale 27. Pavlović Nenad, son of Bojo and Zorka, maiden name Zeljaja, born on 17/08/1959 in Gornje Pale, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 41,
28. Petronić Branislav, son of Milan and Milena, born on 04/07/1955 in Sarajevo, Serb, metal-turner, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 11, missing. 29. Ljepić Dražen, son of Marko, born on 26/07/1967, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown)
30. Radović Miroslav, son of Momčilo and Milka, maiden name Andrić, born on 30/04/1970 in Sarajevo, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address Magistralni put 31 31. Radović Obren, son of Slobodan, born in 1950 with last residency in Sarajevo (other data unknown)
32. Radonja Mirko, son of Dragomir, born in 1965, (other data unknown) 33. Samardžija Delivoje, son of Mališa and Mitra, maiden name Bajagić, born on 17/08/1959 in Rogatica, Rogatica Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 109 34. Simanić Komljen, son of Gavro, born on 02/07/1938 in Hotočina, Pale Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, at the address Jahorinska bb 35. Srdanović Radomir, son of Sretko and Radinka, maiden name Kovačević, born on 15/10/1969 in Sarajevo, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 75, Serb 36. Stanišić Boško, born on 06/02/1945 in Donja Ljobovošta, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in the place of birth 37. Stanišić Radislav, son of Petar and Sava, maiden name Janković, born on 23/03/1952 in Ljubovošta, Pale Municipality, resided in Donja Ljubovošta, Serb 38. Stanišić Radenko, son of Svetozar, born on 14/07/1953, last residency in Kozja ćuprija – Stari grad, Sarajevo, (other data unknown) 39. Tadić Predrag, son of Vaso, born in 1965, (other data unknown) 40. Tomić Stana, daughter of Novo, born on 22/04/1955, a nurse, last residency in Pale, (other data unknown) 41. Veljović Milomir, son of Stjepan, born on 21/07/1956 in Podložnik, Pale Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in place of birth 42. Veselinović Lazar, son of Mlađan, born on 15/03/1941, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown) 43. Veselinović Miroslav, son of Savo and Dragica, maiden name Andrić, born on 22/11/1965 in Sarajevo, resided in Ljubogošta, Pale, graduated from Economy High School 44. Vukadin Branislav, son of Kosta and Vukosava, maiden name Samardžić, born on 10/06/1956 in Grabovica, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address S. V. Čiče 11 45. Vuković Momčilo, son of Ilija and Milena, maiden name Andrić, born on 02/03/0943 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Ljubogošta.
Wounded VRS soldiers
1. Babić Dragan, son of Petar, born in 19502. Blagojević Radomir, son of Gajo and Rajka, maiden name Kusmuk, born on 01/02/1960 in Gornji Pribanj, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Trifka Grabeža bb 3. Božović Mile, son of Zdravko and Stoja, maiden name Babić, born on 13/02/1962 in Rogatica, residing in Pale, Milana Simovića bb.
4. Brezo Nikola, son of Gojko and Radojka, maiden name Samardžić, born on 11/11/1949 in Buđ, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Pere Kosorića 4. 5. Cerovina Branislav, son of Veljko, born on 05/02/1966 in Donja Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resides
6. Ćosović Drago, son of Sekula and Milena, maiden name Bojković, born on 01/08/1969 in Gluhovići, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Omladinska 24 7.Dragaš Boro, son of Dušan, born in 1946 8. Drobnjak Vitomir, son of Radenko and Jelisaveta, born on 04/09/1962 in Resići, Rudo Municipality, residing in Pale, Pere Kosorića 16
9. Goreta Jovica, son of Miroslav and Milanka, maiden name Kablar, born on 13/08/1971 in Sarajevo, residing in Pale, S. V. Čiče 9 10. Grčić Veljko, son of Rajko and Milka, maiden name Ćaić, born on 06/03/1961 in Nepravdići, Sokolac Municipality, residing in Pale, S. V. Čiče 161
11. Jokić Mirko, son of Petko, born in 1967 12. Kosmajac Goran, son of Panto, born in 1965 13. Kusmuk Milkan, son of Boriša and Milka, born on 09/12/1957 in Pale, residing in Pale, Vrelo Miljacke bb 14. Lazarević Spaso, son of Milan and Zora, maiden name Santrač, born on 20/10/1955 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Ljubogošta. 15. Lazarević Milinko, son of Milorad and Milena, maiden name Bunjevac, born on 07/09/1952 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, residing in Ljubogošta, Pale. 16. Lopatić Arso, son of Nikola and Cvijeta, maiden name Lazarević, born on 24/05/1954 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resides. 17. Lopatić Slobodan, son of Sekula, born in 1969 18. Lučić Tomislav, son of Risto, born in 1963 19. Milinković Darko, son of Milan and Marija, maiden name Badnjak, born on 19/02/1970 in Osijek, Croatia, residing in Pale, Mihajla Čvore 105. 20. Mojović Desimir, son of Novak and Milica, maiden name Todorović, born on 25/03/1969 in Vrbica, Foča Municipality, residing in Pale, Kremenita brda bb 21. Obradović Aleksandar, son of Neđo, born in 1969. 22. Pavlović Slaviša, son of Nebojša, born in 1963 23. Poljaković Zoran, son of Mlađo and Pejka, maiden name Šarac, born on 15/11/1963 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resides 24. Samardžić Zdravko, son of Ranko, born in 1957. 25. Samardžić Miodrag, son of Veljko and Plema, maiden name Klačar, born on 02/11/1959 in Sarajevo, residing in Pale, Koran bb 26. Savić Nenad, son of Krsto, born in 1948. 27. Simović Miloš, son of Ostoja and Stana, maiden name Todorović, born on 20/07/1957 in Jabuka, Foča Municipality, residing in Pale, Vrelo Miljacke bb 28. Šarac Ivo, son of Drago and Milena, maiden name Radović, born on 28/02/1954 in Bogovići, Pale Municipality, residing in Gornje Pale bb 29. Timotić Radoslav, son of Manojlo, born on 25/06/1958 in Vučija Luka, Stari grad – Sarajevo Municipality, residing in Pale, Drvarska bb 30. Tomić Boško, son of Đorđe and Zora, maiden name Pandurević, born on 20/01/1949 in Zabojska, Trnovo Municipality, residing in Pale, 3. Aprila 41 31. Veselinović Slobodan, son of Ljubo and Milojka, born on 27/07/1961 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Omladinska 11.
NOTE: Beside victims’ names are names of villages they got killed in. In most cases these are places of their birth or their pre-war residences.
During the research of the attack on military convoy committed on June 4,5 and 6, 1992, it is determined that there is reasonable doubt that the crime against wounded and captured soldiers of VRS was committed by:
1. Čardaković Emin alias Braco, son of Beg, born on 11/02/1964 in Han Pijesak. Kulovac Benjamin alias Beno, son of Šaban and Osmana, born on 01/11/1963 in Rogatica, a doctor 2. Čardaković Ramo, son of Osman and Temina, born on 18/04/1957 in Stoborani village, Han Pijesak Municipality. 3. Dizdarević Ago, son of Mušan and Haska, born on 01/12/1954 in Borovac, Rogatica Municipality, a forester 4. Džebo Rahman, son of Himzo, born on 10/05/1941 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality. Muratović Hamed, son of Hasib and Šahija, born on 14/11/1931 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality. 5. Jusupović Rešid, son of Mujo, born on 10/05/1940 in Podžeplje, Han Pijesak Municipality. Ridžald Ramiz, son of Šaćir, born on 12/02/1951 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality Omanović Hasib, son of Asim and Tima, born on 08/08/1941 in Žepa, Rogatica Municipality 6. Kačević Edhem, son of Sejdalija and Havka, born on 20/11/1970 in Prutići, Rogatica Municipality 7. Kulovac Benjamin, son of Šaban, called Beno, born on 01/11/1963 in Rogatica, a doctor 8. Lilić Nasko, son of Nezir, born on 16/01/1952 in Gođenje village, Han Pijesak Municipality, former employee of ŠIP “Planinsko”, residing in the place of birth 9. Mujkić Hamed, son of Avdo and Hajrija, born on 25/07/1937 in Brložnik, Han Pijesak Municipality 10. Muratović Hamed, son of Hasib, born on 14/11/1931 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak municipality 11. Omanović Hasib, son of Asim, born on 08/08/1941 in Žepa, Rogatica municipality 12. Palić Avdo, son of Murat and Muška, born on 04/04/1958 in Krivača, Han Pijesak Municipality, Mechanical Engineer, former employee of High School Center in Vlasenica 13. Ridžal Ramiz, son of Šaćir, born on 12/02/1951 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak municipality 14. Šahić Hurem, son of Murat and Đulka, born on 10/07/1960 in Gođenje village, Han Pijesak Municipality, a militiaman, former employee of PSS Han Pijesak.
Above listed persons are suspected for committing criminal acts of the war crime against the wounded and the sick, and the war crime against war prisoners (articles 143 and 144 of RS Criminal Law).
Armed activities of Muslim formations after the ambush
Except his description of ambush in Žepa canyon, Lilić Smail described in his statement several other actions of armed Muslim formations conducted in Žepa area in the second half of 1992:
“On 20/06/1992 Kamenica Hamza, Hakić Hasan, Curić Zejnil and Ridžal Ramiz went out on reconnaissance towards Serbs” lines in the direction of Brestovače. I heard from themthat on that occasion they killed Simić Debar and not his brother Borisav. They told that Simić tried to make an ambush for them but Hakić Haso saw him first, shot him and most probably killed him.
On 07/07/1992 I heard that one of our groups that was going towards Crna Rijeka killed one officer from an ambush. The officer was alone in a car and heard that they took one radio-station and one pistol from him. They also said that they let a van full of people pass. I know that people from Krivača did, it but I don’t know precisely who did it.
In August I went with my family to Radava. I knew that the action to attack Žep hill, where the Serbian army was placed, was being prepared. That action was planned by Palić Avdo. 20-30 of the most extreme people from Srebrenica came to help our Squad out. I heard when the attack started – it was early morning when villages of Borovine and Jelovci were attacked. Palić Avdo led the attack on Žep and our soldiers together with people from Srebrenica and Žepa attacked Bolovci and Borovina. That happened on 07/08/1993. I know that they captured Žep and detained 10-12 soldiers and seized the weapons. I heard that in Borovina they slaughtered Borovina Slavko who was ill and unable to move as well as his father Marko and his mother All out soldiers used to claim that people from Srebrenica did it. I know that on Borovine one group was led by Muratović Dževad alias Ćiro, who took with him mostly people from Gođenje: Džebo, Lilić Nasko, Lilić Bajruzin, Čardaković Ibro, Čardaković Mehmedalija, Halimanović Ismet, Omerspahić Agonja, Avdić Salko alias Div, Lilić Ramiz, Lilić Tufe, Jusufović Enes and Sajfić Ismet alias Crta who was wounded then together with Lilić Teufik alias Tufe.
I know that Brđanin Hrustem participated in that action; Šahić Hurem who led Militia Squad certainly participated in it as well. To his unit belonged: Avdić Meho, Džebo Hajrudin, Omerspahić Hamdija, Podžić Edhem, Hakić Hasan, Žigić Nijaz, Lilić Šemsudin, Čardaković and Sejfić Ismet alias Crta. Crta was wounded by the shell, just bellow the place of Jelovci, while they were retreating, as was Lilić Teufik.
After that event, the captured soldiers from Žep were exchanged for flour and fuel. Then, the Serbian army attacked our lines.
In the action of Serbian soldiers for taking the corpses of Serbian soldiers killed on 04/06/1992, the following people got killed: Avdić Meho, Džebo Hajrudin, Omerspahić Nurija, Omerspahić Hamdija and Žigić Nijaz. In later struggles the following got killed: Lilić Šemsudin, Lilić Šefik, Zvejzović Samija, Lilić Ramiz, Avdić Salko alias Div, Curić Zejmil and Muratović Hamed.
Some time later in Stoborani, two Serbian soldiers were killed from an ambush and I later heard that they were Mitrović Radenko and Rubež Simo. I don’t know who killed them, but I suppose that Ridžal Ramiz was in that ambush and that he killed Mitrović. I heard him saying: “I had a good action last night”. I am 100% sure that Ridžal Ramiz participated in the attack on Borovine.
On several occasions, Hakić Hasan, Kamenica Hamza and Kamenica Ahmed brought cows stolen from Serbs in Brestovača. I know that then they stole cows from Dobrilović Pero.
In the end of August 1992, I was in Srebrenica buying some corn in exchange for necklaces and rings of my children. Then I heard that our people attacked Serbs and that some of them got killed. I have been with my wife and children in Radava till February 1993. When humanitarian aid was delivered in Žepa, I went there to take it for my family. The list
was with Jusupović Jusuf and he told me that I was not in the list and that I should go to Commander Palić Avdo. He also turned me down, because I was not in the army. I went back to Radava to my wife, and told her everything. We agreed to go to Han Pijesak and surrender for there was nothing else we could do. I started from Radava with my wife, children and father and we spent the night in Cavčići with my brother-in-law, Hamdo Smajić. On the next day, we started towards Jelovci to surrender but we were stopped when entering Gođenje by Zimić Osmo and Hrulja Ibro and sent back. I told my wife that I was going to surrender myself and that she should take the kids to Srebrenica somehow, so I went to Podžeplje where I surrendered to Serbian army.
I know that Šahić Hurem went to Goražde on several occasions for black marketing, from where he was bringing tobacco and changed it for flour.”
In early August 1998, the 4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne) began preparations for possible deployment to support NATO operations Kosovo. PSYOP planners from the 6th Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Battalion (Airborne) were sent to the 32nd Air Operations Group, United States Air Force Europe (USAFE) Headquarters at Ramstein Air Base in Germany to participate in contingency planning.
In February 1999, soldiers of the 4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne) deployed to establish and form the Joint Psychological Operations Task Force (JPOTF) in support of Joint Task Force NOBLE ANVIL. The 6th PSYOP Battalion (Airborne) formed the core of the JPOTF, and were augmented by personnel from the Group Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC), the 3rd PSYOP Battalion (Airborne) and the 9th PSYOP Battalion (Airborne). The 9th PSYOP Battalion element assisted in the development of products in the Product Development Center (PDC), while the 3rd PSYOP Battalion (Airborne) soldiers provided multimedia communications (print, radio, and television) capabilities to the JPOTF. Additionally, PSYOP specialists from Reserve PSYOP units based in the United States were activated and deployed to support the mission.
Their mission was to get the message of truth to the diverse masses, which included Serb military, police forces in Kosovo, and the civilian population in Belgrade as well as in the small towns and villages throughout the remainder of Serbia, and to Kosovo refugees in Albania and Macedonia. Furthermore it would try to change century old beliefs. No easy task when you add multiple language barriers (Serbian and Croatian) and varied customs and beliefs rooted in a conflict that dated back to the Battle of Kosovo Polje between the Ottoman Turks and Serbia’s Christian Army in 1389.
Nevertheless, the POTF prepared a multimedia campaign consisting of leaflets, handbills, posters, and radio and television broadcasts aimed at countering the distorted reports being fed to the Serbian people by their own government. This effort included informing the Serbian people of the scope and magnitude of Slobodan Milosevic’s campaign of mass murder, systematic rape, forced evacuation and destruction of Kosovo. Additionally, the PSYOP campaign served as a source of information and hope for the Kosovo refugees in Albania and Macedonia.
During the 78-day air campaign, the JPOTF developed over 40 different leaflets. Over 100 million of these leaflets were box dropped by MC-130H Combat Talon aircraft from the 7th Special Operations Squadron over Serbia. 4.5 million more leaflets would be distributed by F-16 and B-52 aircraft via MK-129 leaflet bombs.
EC-130E Command Solo aircraft from the 193rd Special Operations Wing transmitted both radio and television broadcasts, blanketing Belgrade and Northern Yugoslavia, Kosovo, and southern Serbia with „Allied Voice Radio and Television“. The daily radio and television program would generally open with a five minute news segment, followed by a series of features separated by popular musical interludes. The news was repeated on the half hour with the entire broadcast repeated as many times as Commando’s Solo’s flight time would allow, normally two to four times. The Command Solo aircraft of the 193rd SOW continued to fly and broadcast Allied Voice and Television even after the air campaign ended on 9 June, 1999. Their last broadcast was on June, 27, 1999.
How effective were these broadcasts? While on assignment in the Balkans, the government there responded to the Command Solo television and radio broadcasts by dispatching enemy aircraft to shoot them down. Fortunately the planes were scared off by U.S. Fighters accompanying the „Command Solo“ EC-130 aircraft.
As for the overall effectiveness of the PSYOP campaign. It is difficult to measure. The campaign was limited by the early decision not to commit ground forces in support of the operation. However, the impact of getting the message of truth did make one thing clear. Psychological Operations will continue to play a vital role in any combat or relief support action and its use as a combat and diplomatic force multiplier must be considered in all future military operations.
Global Research, May 1, 2012
Gert Fylking, a well-known Swedish radio host, was suspended after his insinuation concerning Serbian similarities with the notorious mass killer Anders Breivik, calling them “damned pigs, psychopaths and retards.” After the suspension, Fylking’s apology was announced on the website of Radio1. It was also mentioned in the Entertainment and Culture section in two leading newspapers in Sweden, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet. Protest and Apology Following from this, the official representatives of the Serbian community in Sweden and the Ambassador of the Republic of Serbia, Dusan Crnogorčević, lodged a protest: “These are very serious allegations and on top of that many untruths. I feel singled out as an individual and as a representative of the Republic of Serbia. More than 100 000 Serbs live and work in Sweden, and they are affected, disgusted and angry about the fact that someone could categorize one entire nation in that manner,” said ambassador Crnogorčević to Dagens Nyheter on Monday. And when the dust around the scandal on Radio1 began to settle, the hate speech was reduced to a criminal justice problem for the relevant authorities. Then celebrities and famous so-called “fighters against racism and intolerance” appeared on the scene, but instead of an appropriate condemnation, or at least distancing themselves from Fylking’s foul words of hatred, especially after even Fylking personally apologized and distanced himself from his own words, they relativized all those acts by referring to Fylking’s eccentric nature. In addition to repeating the offenses, they supplemented them with new, even more, serious allegations against the Serbian people. “Serbs are worse than Breivik” One of the persons who entered the scene was Lisa Bjurwald, who was until a few years ago member of the editorial board of Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet and later went on to Sweden’s best known “fighters against intolerance” organization, the newspaper Expo. She said that “the connection between the Norwegian terrorist Anders Behring Breivik and Serbian war criminals in general is not difficult to uncover.” In the article “Cowardly to suspend Fylking” published on the web portal medievärlden.se, Bjurwald engages in legal reasoning. Thus in her opinion, the intention of the radio presenter “was not to offend the Serbian people as a whole but rather to show that Breivik’s extremist ideas are not so extreme, but widely accepted in many places in Europe,” says the well-known writer, although the radio host didn’t mention Europe at all, but Serbia and Serbian people only.
“The fact that Serbia lacks the political will to make its war criminals face justice is well known, as well as the fact that these war criminals are praised as heroes and that many (Serbs) believe that the genocide is a myth,” writes Bjurwald in her article, which seems to be more of a directive aimed at the Public Prosecutor to withdraw the investigation concerning criminal charges for racial hatred. As we found out, representatives of the organization Justitia Pax Veritas, one of the applicants of the criminal complaint against Radio1 for racial hatred, asked for a space to reply. The editorial staff of this web portal refused the request on the grounds that the right to reply is reserved only for “people from media”. Mocking the Serbian protests and comparisons with Nazi Germany Famous radio and television presenter and journalist Robert Aschberg, editor in chief of the abovementioned newspaper Expo, and Fylking’s colleague from Radio1, in his column entitled “Ridiculous over reaction,” published in the newspaper Aftonbladet, insinuated and equated Serbia with Nazi Germany, and mocked the protest of the Ambassador Dusan Crnogorčević in Stockholm. “It can be said that the Germans started the Second World War,” writes Aschberg, although in Fylking’s passionate hate speech there was not a single word on who is to blame for the outbreak of war in former Yugoslavia. “If it was told on air, should the German ambassador write a letter of protest on behalf of all Germans that may find themselves offended?” this influential publicist asked at the end of the column, obviously targeting the Ambassador Crnogorčević and the bitter reaction of the Serbs in Sweden as well.
Although Aschberg’s article sparked many heated reactions, primarily on the Serbian side, but also a huge approval from Bosniak commentators, Aftonbladet has not yet agreed to publish a reply to the serious allegations from the chief editor of Expo, which otherwise often presses criminal charges for racial hatred against extreme right-wing circles in Sweden. Swedish politician: The radio must apologize to the host for the suspension! And while many wonder how to deal with such awful propaganda, considering that all the journalists who ever have had a different opinion regarding the conflict in former Yugoslavia have, for a long period of time, been silenced and driven away, some more news arrived. A Green Party politician Jonas Paulsson, positioned in Stockholm says that Radio1 has to apologize to Gert Fylking for the suspension.